Your doctor has told you that you need to be tested for prostate cancer. You’re stressed out it and even think of canceling your appointment. We urge you not cancel your appointment. Prostate Cancer is a serious disease that over 2.5 million men in the United States are living with. It is the second most common cancer aside from skin cancer. The prostate is a part of their reproductive system, it is a walnut sized gland that is located under the bladder, and it is highly common for men over the age of 40.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
When cancer develops in the prostate often a tumor forms. The danger is that the cancer can break off and travel through the blood and infect other organs. Symptoms of prostate cancer are trouble urinating normally, increased frequency of urination, fever, chills, blood in the urine or semen, swelling in legs, and discomfort in pelvic or rectal area. The really scary part about prostate cancer is that it can develop for years, without showing ANY symptoms.
Common Tests Used to Detect Prostate Cancer
One of the most common tests used to detect prostate cancer is the digital rectal exam. Your doctor will insert a gloved finger into the rectum and feel the prostate for lumps and unusual growth, because it is an internal organ the doctor cannot look at it directly. This is a common test used in men to detect prostate cancer during a regular checkup. The test takes only a few minutes and you may feel some discomfort during the procedure.
A Prostate Ultrasound and Biopsy is performed when the doctor suspects you have prostate cancer from other test results. The test is performed by a doctor experienced in the procedure, and takes about 10 to 20 minutes. An ultrasound probe will be inserted into the rectum, and the sound waves produce images of the prostate that can be seen on a computer screen. About six or more tissue samples are usually taken, and then the tissue is analyzed in the lab.
As well as these two common procedures, MRI’s, and CAT scans, are also used to detect whether a person has prostate cancer.
Treatments for Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer can be treated with chemotherapy. It is a cancer fighting drug that is often given through intravenous injection or IV in the veins. Treatment often lasts three to six months and sometimes pills are prescribed to take. It is often used for advanced prostate cancer that has not responded to other types of treatments.
A not as popular way to treat prostate cancer is, cryotherapy. Which uses cold temperature to freeze tissue and destroy cancer in the prostrate. How it works is an ultra thin needle or probe is inserted into the prostate, freezing liquid nitrogen or argon gas is injected into the prostrate. It freezes the prostate and destroys any cancer tissue. It is often used in early stages of prostate cancer. It has a shorter hospital stay and less swelling and pain.
Surgery is also used, which can be removed partially or completely. Radiation therapy is often used which is high energy waves that kill and shrink the tumor and cancer cells. There are two types of radiation one for just the prostate cancer, and the other for when it has spread in the body.
Detect it early
Early detection of prostate cancer increases your chances of survival. If you need an MRI to help you detect if you have prostate cancer, then call us today at (402) 844-8187, or schedule an appointment with us today. Northeast Nebraska Imaging cares about our patients well-being, so please if you detect any of the symptoms listed above, do not be afraid to contact us.